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ТОПИК "TRAVELLINGS"

Travellings.

Travelling is the movement of people between relatively distant geographical locations to explore its or with other aims. People longing for travellings engendered long ago as necessity for different information. There are no secrets, that travelling was a singular method to explore our planet till the nineteenth century. It means that first travelers were pioneers of new lands, for example Gerodot, Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Aphanasiy Nikitin and others.

In twentieth century tourism rapid development resulted notion "travelling” has been standed for any wandering gone without tourist company help. There are many reasons for travelling, for example, tourism or vacationing, research travel for the gathering of information, for holiday to visit people, volunteer travel for charity, migration to begin life somewhere else, business travel, and others. People travel to enjoy picturesque places of interest to see ancient towns or to make new acquaintance.

Travelling may occur by human-powered transport such as rollers or bicycling, or with vehicles, such as public transport, automobiles, trains and airplanes. Every means of travel have both advantages and disadvantages. And people can choose any way according to their plans and destinations.

Air transport is the fastest and at the same time the most expensive type of transport. The main area of air transport is passenger traffic at distances over one thousand kilometers. There are no alternatives for air transport in different remote districts such as the region of the Far North. The noise of modern planes is large problem which considerably worsens quality of life of inhabitants living close to airports.

Travelling by train is slower than by air, but it has many advantages: the high loading capacity, reliability and rather high speed. Besides, the railway transport is considered, to be more safety. Moreover the Intercity Express system of the high-speed railroads allowing movement with speeds up to three hundred kilometers per hour was created in the last decade of twentieth century and became the strong contender of airlines at small distances. The role of the suburban railroads and subways is still high. The electrified railroads much more eco-friendly than the motor transport.

Water transport is the most ancient type of transport. The water transport still keeps an important role of goods turnover but the role of passenger traffic considerably decreased because of low speeds. The exceptions are cruise liners which attract people by interesting tours and its multifunctionality.

The motor transport now is the most widespread type of passenger transport. I think it is very convenient. You don`t need to reserve tour tickets and carry heavy bags. You can stop wherever you wish, and spend as much time as you like at any place. But at the same time automobiles are the main source of noise and air pollution in cities.

Human-powered transport remains popular for reasons of cost-saving, leisure, physical exercise and environmentalism. This transport is sometimes the only type available, especially in underdeveloped or inaccessible regions.


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