London is the capital of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It lies in the South East of England on both banks of the river Thames. It is political, cultural and economic center of the country and one of the biggest city of the world. This very beautiful city was founded more than two thousand years ago. There are some river and sea ports, six airports and the eldest Europe Underground in the city.
Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business center. It is England's smallest county by area and population, and the fourth most densely populated. Resident population of the City is about seven thousand but around five hundred thousand people work there. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange. It contains all important English banks and offices such as the Lloyd's of London and the Bank of England.
The West End of London is an area of Central London, containing many of the city's major tourist attractions, businesses, headquarters and theatres. Developed in the seventeenth century, it was originally built as a series of palaces, expensive town houses, fashionable shops and places of entertainment. London's main theatre district is located in the heart of the West End of the city center. This area contains approximately forty large theatres and is often referred to as Theatreland. In the West End there are wide streets with beautiful houses and many parks, gardens and squares. Piccadilly Circus is the heart of London's West End. Such famous streets as Baker Street, Park Lane, Oxford Street, Trafalgar Square and others are also situated there.
The East End of London is the area of London, east of the City of London and north of the River Thames. It is an industrial district of the capital. There are many factories, plants and docks and there are no parks or gardens in the East End. The narrow streets and poor houses of the East End present a contrast to the homes of the rich people in the West End. Over the course of a nineteenth century, the East End was a synonym of poverty, overcrowding, disease and criminality.
Westminster is the most important part of the capital. It's the administrative center. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. It's a very beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. Big Ben is really the bell which strikes every quarter of an hour.